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APPENDIX I - TREATMENTS Minimize

APPENDIX I - TREATMENTS


GENERAL FIRST AID


When a child eats any non-food plant material, contact a physician or a poison control center whether symptoms are present or not.  If a poisonous plant has been eaten and if medical help is not readily available, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Division of Poison Control suggests the following:  vomiting should be induced (unless the victim is already vomiting, is unconscious or convulsing) by giving syrup of Ipecac with a glass of water (1 table spoonful or 15 ml or 1/2 ounce of Ipecac for children, double for adults).  To prevent the vomitus from being inhaled (aspirated) into the lungs the victim should be made to walk about, or should be held in a head down "spanking position".  After vomiting has ceased, about 1 ounce (child; 3 oz. adult) of activated charcoal and water should be given orally.  Because activated charcoal will not dissolve in water, it should be swirled around in the glass and drunk quickly.  Many pediatricians recommend that syrup of Ipecac and activated charcoal be kept in the home medicine chest.  If the child must be brought to a physician or emergency room, a sample of the plant, with flowers and seeds if possible, should be brought along for positive identification.

 

TREATMENT CATEGORIES FOR HEALTH CARE ATTENDANT


(1) Charcoal
(2) Anti-convulsents (e.g. parental short acting barbiturates)
(3) Antidiarrheal agents
(4) Antihistamines
(5) Atropine
(6) Artificial respiration and oxygen
(7) Calcium gluconate, parenteral fluids
(8) Control pain with Demerol
(9) Demulcents
(10) Epinephrine
(11) a) Gastric lavage, b) Emesis
(12) Hypotensive Drugs
(13) Keep urine alkaline
(14) Mineral or castor oil
(15) Narcotic antagonistic drugs
(16) Oral doses of strong tea or tannin
(17) Paraldehyde (2-10 cc) IM
(18) Pilocarpine or physostigmine for dry mouth and visual disturbances
(19) Potassium, procainamide, quinidine sulfate, disodium salt of edetate (Na2EDTA)
(20) Saline catharic
(21) Sedation
(22) Shock therapy
(23) Steroidal creams; topological ointments for inflammation of skin, blisters
(24) Stimulants including strong coffee
(25) Treat cyanide poisoning
(26) Treat symptoms as they appear, supportive therapy
(27) Maintain blood pressure

 

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