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Dicentra species Minimize
DUTCHMAN'S BREECHES/WILD BLEEDING HEART Dicentra eximia
DUTCHMAN'S BREECHES/WILD BLEEDING HEART Dicentra eximia
DUTCHMAN'S BREECHES/WILD BLEEDING HEART Dicentra cucullaria
DUTCHMAN'S BREECHES/WILD BLEEDING HEART Dicentra eximia
DUTCHMAN'S BREECHES/WILD BLEEDING HEART Dicentra cucullaria
DUTCHMAN'S BREECHES/WILD BLEEDING HEART Dicentra cucullaria

Dicentra species

DUTCHMAN'S BREECHES, WILD BLEEDING HEART

Description
Dicentra has delicate, fern-like leaves with characteristic heart-shaped pink to white flowers.
Geographic range
Found in the eastern and western United States. Usually found in moist, rich soils of forests and woodlands.
Toxic principle
Isoquinolone alkaloids (protoberberins) are poisonous to cattle and horses but are not toxic to sheep. Other alkaloids in Dicentra may be responsible for poisoning in sheep.
Diagnosis
Clinical signs
In cattle, muscle tremors, staggering, and incoordination are seen. If a larger amount of plant is ingested, projectile vomiting, convulsions, and lateral recumbancy with extensor rigidity may be seen. Animals rarely die from Dicentra poisoning.
Treatment
None. Animals often recover when access to the plant is removed. A saline cathartic may be given to reduce further absorption of the toxins.

Read more in the Poisonous Plants of Pennsylvania Publication

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