Poisonous Plants

Actaea rubra Minimize
BANEBERRY (Actaea rubra)
BANEBERRY (Actaea rubra)

Images on this page contributed by: Ann F. Rhodes, PhD, Director of the Pennsylvania Flora Project

Actaea rubra


Baneberry is an erect plant with thick root stalks. Fruiting stalks have red or white berries.
Geographic range
Found in most of North America, excluding the desert southwest. Thrives in moist woodland soils.
Toxic principle
is unconfirmed. Actaea contains berberin in addition to other unidentified compounds.
Foliage and fruit are moderately toxic
Clinical signs
Digestive disturbances including vomiting, diarrhea, and colic. Neurologic signs of weakness and seizures. Cardiac signs.
Edema of the intestinal serosa, congestion of abdominal viscera. Splotchy hemorrhages in intestinal and endocardial serosa.
Symptomatic treatment to relieve irritant effects on the digestive tract and any additional effects on the nervous system and heart.

Read more in the Poisonous Plants of Pennsylvania Publication

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