Traumatic injuries to lateral protuberances of the hind limbs especially the hock and dorsal areas of the front knee. Generally related to tieing or stanchioning of young animals on concrete platforms with inadequate bedding or covering (floor mats).
Very high in certain breeds
Obvious swellings, abrasions etc that most often are complicated by secondary local infection which may extend or become systemic. Lameness maybe quite marked and animals may not be able to rise creating further problems. See tarsal cellulitis most commonly. Abscessation may occur. In chronic cases may see hygroma of the carpus (bursitis of the precarpal bursa). In some cases abrasions from getting up and down may enter carpal joints creating a septic carpitis.
Correct the underlying cause first. Treat wounds and cellulitis by warm hydrotherapy, bandaging to prevent infection if abrasions are open, if abscessation occurs don't open until it is about to open by itself. Antibacterials are useful in early cases. The best treatment is to prevent the problem. Start training the animals to the concrete platforms earlier. Provide adequate length of platform. Provide adequate bedding and/or mats.
Prognosis generally is favorable if caught early. If not can lose animals to infection. Chronic mild continuing trauma can lead to greatly enlarge hocks or massive hygromas of the knees. In these conditions especially with hygromas one can surgically excise the greater part of the tissue but there can be numerous complications.