Login

Poisonous Plants

Persea americana Minimize
Click to view album: Lesions

Persea americana

Avacado

Description
Avocado are trees or shrubs with dark green berries and large seeds.
Geographic range
Found in southern North America and in the tropics.
Toxic principle
Unidentified toxin has a direct effect on the myocardium as well as on tissues of the lactating mammary gland.
Toxicity
Fresh and dried leaves, bark, skin, and seeds are toxic to cattle, goats, horses, rabbits, birds, and fish. Severe mastitis may result in lactating goats fed 20g leaves/kg body weight. Doses of 30g leaves/kg body weight or more can cause edema and cardiomyopathy.
Diagnosis
Clinical signs
At lower doses, non-infectious mastitis is seen with a 75% decrease in milk production and watery, cheesy, curdled milk. Higher doses can cause edema of the head and neck leading to upper respiratory distress in horses. Colic is occasionally seen.
Laboratory Diagnosis
Elevation of serum enzymes creatinine phosphokinase and aspartate aminotransferase.
Lesions
In rabbits and goats, brisket and neck edema are seen in addition to acute pulmonary edema caused by cardiomyopathy and heart failure. Lung congestion, hydropericardium, and subcutaneous edema in the pectoral region are seen.
Treatment
is supportive. Relieve signs with non-steroidal anti-inflammatories and diuretics. Administer antibiotics to control secondary infections of the mammary gland.
Prevention
Do not allow horses and livestock access to avocado trees and shrubs. Do not feed avocado seeds or fruits to pet birds.
Copyright (c) 2017 Poisonous Plants
Privacy Statement | Terms Of Use