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Characteristics of Major Dairy Breeds

  Ayrshire Brown Swiss Guernsey Holstein Jersey Milking Shorthorn
Cow Size 1200 1400 1100 1500 1000 1400
Color Red or Mahogany and White Brown or Grey Fawn with clear white markings Black and white Fawn, with or without white Red and white
Temperament Nervous Docile Docile Docile Nervous Docile
Grazing Ability Excellent Excellent Fair Fair Good Excellent
Maturity Medium Late Early Late Early Late
% Milkfat 4.0 4.0 4.7 3.7 5.0 4.0
% Milk Solids nonfat 9.0 9.2 9.5 8.5 9.5 9.2
Avg. Yearly milk production 15,000 14,500 14,000 17,000 14,000 13,000
Origin Scotland Switzerland Isle of Guernsey Holland Isle of Jersey England
Size at Birth 75 90 75 95 60 90
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